Nazareth House, Cardiff

Founded in 1861 to care for the elderly poor and for destitute and orphan children, the Sisters of Nazareth are an order of Roman Catholic nuns.  Located throughout the English-speaking world, their premises are generally named ‘Nazareth House’.  The order arrived in Cardiff around 1870, initially based at 36 Tyndall Street.  Shortly, though, the third Marquess of Bute offered them a site on North Road, as well as a contribution towards building costs.

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In 1874, approval was granted for the erection of a new convent.  Designed by the Llandaff Diocesan Architect, John Prichard, it made separate provision (sitting rooms and dormitories) for girls, boys, old women and old men, as well as accommodation for the sisters.  In practice, the children’s home seems to have accommodated only girls during most of its history.

The 1901 census return for Nazareth House lists the Superior and 16 sister assistants, along with 196 female and 16 male inmates.  The 16 men were aged between 54 and 95, with most in their 60s or 70s.  The females’ ages ranged from 2 to 85.  More than 160 of these were under 20, and most of the remainder over 60.

Nazareth House was frequently extended to accommodate larger numbers and it is a 1907 extension which appears in Mary Traynor’s sketch.  Designed by Edwin Wortley Montague Corbett, and running parallel with North Road, it was built as a school, with classrooms on the ground and first floors as well as further dormitory accommodation on the second floor.  Since Blackweir Farmhouse appears in the foreground, the artist’s viewpoint was clearly in Bute Park on the opposite side of North Road.

With declining demand from the 1950s onwards, Cardiff’s Nazareth House reduced its provision for children but continues to provide residential care for the elderly.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

Lightship 2000 (Helwick), Britannia Quay, Cardiff Bay

Trinity House Light Vessel 14 (LV14) was launched on 22 September 1953.  Weighing 550 tons and with an overall length of 137 feet, it took 11 people to crew the vessel with seven on board at any one time.  During the succeeding decades, she served at several different stations in UK coastal waters, the last being Helwick sandbank, some six miles south-west of Rhossili on the Gower Peninsular.

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Decommissioned in 1991, the lightship was subsequently purchased by a charity and, with help from Cardiff Bay Development Corporation, was restored to create a floating Christian Centre in the former Roath Dock basin.  Known as ‘Goleulong (or Lightship) 2000’, she became a base for Cardiff Bay chaplains, as well as operating a galley cafe and providing rooms for meetings or quiet contemplation.

In 2013, funding from local churches was withdrawn and the centre closed.  The ship was subsequently sold and towed to Newnham, on the Severn estuary in Gloucestershire, with the hope of establishing it as a floating museum.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

Time and Tide: Revealing the History of Cardiff Bay

The current cataloguing project ‘Time and Tide: Revealing the History of Cardiff Bay’ has been made possible by a grant from the ‘Archives Revealed’ programme, funded by the National Archives, the Pilgrims Trust, and the Wolfson Foundation. The project aims to make accessible the records of Cardiff Bay Development Corporation (CBDC) and Associated British Ports (ABP) South Wales. Cataloguing of the CBDC records is now complete and the catalogue is available to view at http://calmview.cardiff.gov.uk/ under the reference DCBDC. In this article Project Archivist, Katie Finn, discusses the collection and what can be found within it.

The work of CBDC was a monumental part of the redevelopment of Cardiff into the city it is today. The Corporation was established on 3 April 1987 by The Cardiff Bay Development Corporation (Area and Constitution) Order 1987. This designated an area of over 1000 hectares in South Cardiff and Penarth to be developed to encourage private investment in the area. The areas covered by the order were considered ones of urban decay and under-employment, seen as growing problems throughout the United Kingdom.  Urban Development Corporations were established in a range of towns and cities by Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative Government to improve these areas. Their aim, as in Cardiff, was to use wide reaching planning and compulsory purchase powers to redevelop areas of urban dereliction. Other UDC areas included London Docklands, Bristol, Merseyside, and Teesside. As the corporations were non-governmental bodies, they had boards comprised of members from private industry. This included Sir Geoffrey Inkin, Chairman of CBDC.

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Cardiff Bay before the creation of the Barrage and redevelopment (DCBDC/12/1/85)

CBDC had a wide remit to develop the former industrial areas of Cardiff. Key projects included the creation of an inland bay through building a barrage; linking the city centre to the waterfront; the creation of jobs for local people; and the creation of an attractive area for people to work, live and socialise. The aim of CBDC was to manage the redevelopment of the area in order to ensure it was of high quality and standardised throughout the bay and in commercial and housing developments. As such, there’s a large collection of committee minutes and papers within the CBDC records. Numerous committees were established to make decisions and advise on various aspects of their work. These committees ranged from the Board, Managers Team, Project Appraisal Group and Directors who discussed all projects, policies, and reports, to the Staff Liaison Group, Grant Appraisal Group, and Planning Committee, whose remit was limited. These papers include all decisions with details of discussions. They also provide information on all projects that were funded by the Corporation, big or small.

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Some of the papers of CBDC Board meetings (DCBDC/1/2)

The large variety of committees reflects the reliance of the organisation on consultants. They advised on all aspects of the work of CBDC. This included the creation of development briefs to provide guidance to investors and contractors on the urban design and aesthetic standards of developments. They also carried out scientific studies on ground water levels, contaminated land and soil samples of proposed development areas. Additionally the Corporation employed consultants to value land and properties to inform the compensation of compulsory purchase orders and complaints. The consultant’s reports also provide valuable information on the people and demographics of the Cardiff Bay area. This is due to market research carried out to inform marketing and development decisions. In addition, CBDC commissioned reports on the communities in Cardiff Bay to understand and improve community relations. The consultants also produced a range of plans showing the Cardiff Bay development area, landscaping plans, and detailed plans of projects including Cardiff Bay Barrage.

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One of the largest items Katie came across while cataloguing the collection – a volume of plans submitted to the House of Commons (DCBDC/11/21)

The redevelopment of Cardiff Bay was not without controversy. One of the most prominent projects, the Cardiff Bay Barrage, did not receive universal support. The Cardiff Bay Barrage Bill and Barrage Reports series include evidence of the issues with the barrage, along with the multiple attempts to pass the Barrage Bill through Parliament. It includes reports on environmental issues including the effects on shorebirds and groundwater levels. Another controversy addressed in the collection is the rejection of Zaha Hadid’s winning design for Cardiff Bay Opera House. There is also a series on CBDC’s involvement in the Exchange Building, Mount Stuart Square, and its suggested redevelopment.

In addition to the building and redevelopment work carried out by CBDC, the organisation also promoted Cardiff Bay as an area to relax and socialise. The marketing team was heavily involved in this work and their papers include background information on a range of events, including the Regatta, Power Speedboat Championship, and CBDC’s contribution to the Garden Festival of Wales. In addition to this, the photographic collection includes a range of images highlighting events held in the Bay. Photographs of street performers, attendees, and Butetown Carnival can be seen alongside aerial photographs and photographs of building works.

Whether the eventual development of Cardiff Bay and its surrounding areas is seen as a success or failure, the massive impact made on Cardiff by CBDC cannot be dismissed.  This collection includes information on all aspects of the redevelopment of Cardiff Bay through the gaze of CBDC, as well as providing information on a range of social and environmental issues impacting Cardiff at the time.

The Time and Tide project is not finished yet. Katie has now moved on to address the records of ABP. Work will also continue on the CBDC collection as our Trainee Rasheed progresses the digitisation of the photographic collection so that the images can be made available online.

Katie Finn, Archives Revealed Project Archivist

Guildford Crescent Baths, Cardiff

The middle years of the 19th century saw improved understanding of the health benefits of good personal hygiene.  The Public Baths and Wash-Houses Act 1846 gave local authorities the power to raise money through rates to build public baths.  However, Cardiff’s councillors were reluctant to exercise this function and it was left to a group of public-spirited private individuals to take matters forward in the town.  That having been said, one of the prime movers – and the architect of the building – was the Council’s own surveyor, Thomas Waring.

In 1861, the Cardiff Baths Company Limited announced its intention to construct public baths on a piece of vacant ground at the bottom of Edward Street, between the Taff Vale Railway embankment and the Bute Dock feeder.  A contemporary newspaper report described the proposal as including first and second-class swimming pools, dressing rooms and other conveniences, a Turkish Bath, and also first and second-class hot and shower baths.

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What later came to be known as the Guildford Crescent Baths opened on 22 April 1862.  Admission charges were sixpence for the first class pool and threepence (reduced to tuppence on Saturdays) for second class.  The Turkish bath cost two shillings.  Incentives were, however, offered to employers, who could buy tickets in bulk, at a reduced rate, for distribution to their workers.

The Baths Company’s shareholders had acted out of a sense of public spirit, so were not seeking to make a profit, but it became apparent that the Baths were struggling even to cover their costs.  Accordingly, the Borough Council was asked to consider taking over the facility.  The company’s first approach, in 1871, was rejected.  In February 1873, though, the Council accepted the company’s offer to sell the premises for £2,200.

While the opening of the Wales Empire Pool in 1958 might have been seen as rendering Guildford Crescent redundant, the Baths remained open until 1984.  The building was subsequently demolished and the site is now occupied by the Ibis Hotel.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

The Greek Church, Butetown, Cardiff

During the 19th century, Greek ships were frequent visitors to Cardiff Docks.  Typically, they would import cereals before being loaded with coal for export to the Mediterranean and South America.  With the passage of time, some Greek sailors began to settle in the area.

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As early as 1873, a room was rented for Greek Orthodox worship in Patrick Street, which ran between Bute Street and Alice Street, parallel with Hannah Street.  It was dedicated to St Nicholas, the patron saint of sailors.  It is unclear how long the Patrick Street church remained in use, but it was certainly experiencing financial pressures by 1876 and probably closed shortly afterwards.  The Orthodox community later made use of the local Norwegian Church as well as a nearby ‘small shed’.  In 1903, though, they converted a shop, at 51 Bute Street, for use as a church, as a precursor to erecting their own permanent building.

In 1906, work began on the present-day church, which also serves the Russian Orthodox community in south Wales.  Designed by local architects, James and Morgan, it is located on a site provided by the 4th Marquess of Bute, to the west of Bute Street.  The modestly-sized building is of Byzantine style with a domed nave and an apse at the east end.  It retains the original dedication to St Nicholas.  The interior is very ornate, with a lot of carved woodwork.  The dome and upper walls have painted Biblical scenes in vivid colours with gold decoration.  While the original plans envisaged that side aisles would be added at a later date, these have not materialized.  However, since Mary Traynor sketched the church in 1988, a covered porch has been added at the western end.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

  • Mary Traynor Collection (ref.: D1093/1/5)
  • Cardiff Borough Records, plans for Greek Church, North Church Street, 1906 (ref.: BC/S/1/16202)
  • Hilling, John B & Traynor, Mary: Cardiff’s Temples of Faith (published by Cardiff Civic Society, 2000)
  • Webb, Madeleine: ‘A Visit to Cardiff’s Greek Church’, in October 2016 Magazine of the Parish of Pentyrch and Llanilltern
  • http://greekorthodoxchurchcardiff.org.uk/
  • The Cardiff Times, 20 December 1873
  • The Cardiff Times, 17 June 1876
  • Evening Express, 8 April 1903
  • Evening Express, 30 April 1910

Globe Cinema, Albany Road, Cardiff

The Penylan Cinema opened on 27 August 1914 at 109 Albany Road.  A contemporary newspaper advertisement announced that the whole proceeds for the first three days would be given to the National Relief Fund, which had been established by Edward, Prince of Wales, earlier in the same month.  This was not the Penylan Cinema’s only contribution to alleviating the impact of war since they also offered training to disabled ex-Servicemen; in 1918, it was reported that a number of their trainees had been placed in employment at good wages.

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Occupying a large corner site, the building incorporated shops in its Wellfield Road frontage.  By 1930, it had been re-named the Globe and, in March that year, announced that ‘talkies’ would be screened very shortly.  Closed and demolished in the 1980s, the site was incorporated into a new shopping precinct, which preserved its name as the Globe Centre.  The redevelopment did incorporate a small cinema, the Monroe, but this appears to have functioned for a relatively short period before closure.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

  • Mary Traynor Collection (ref.: D1093/1/3)
  • The Times, 7 August 1914
  • South Wales Echo, 27 August 1914
  • The Haverfordwest and Milford Haven Telegraph, 24 April 1918
  • South Wales Echo, 16 January 1930
  • South Wales Echo, 4 March 1930
  • Various Cardiff Directories
  • http://cinematreasures.org/theaters/19759

Glamorgan County Hall, Cathays Park, Cardiff (now Glamorgan Building of Cardiff University)

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Glamorgan County Council was established under the Local Government Act 1888 and assumed its full responsibilities on 1 April 1889.  Initially, the council took on a limited range of administrative functions which had previously fallen to Justices of the Peace.  They also inherited the staff and office of the Justices.  The Clerk of the Peace, Thomas Mansel Franklen, became Clerk to the County Council, whose headquarters remained at County Offices, Westgate Street, Cardiff – though a number of departments were based elsewhere.  While some committee meetings could be held at County Offices, the building was not large enough for quarterly meetings of the full council and, for more than twenty years, these alternated between Gwyn Hall, Neath and Town Hall, Pontypridd.

With the passage of time, and growth in functions and staff, the council began to recognise the need for more suitable central offices, along with a permanent chamber for its own meetings.  They first set up a committee to explore options in 1896 but more than a decade was to pass before the council reached a final decision.

The resolution appointing the 1896 committee stipulated that the chosen site ‘should be within the limits of the administrative county’.  This effectively excluded Cardiff since, as a County Borough, it was outside the County Council’s jurisdiction.  Sites were considered in Ely and Llandaff (neither of which fell within Cardiff’s boundaries at that time), Bridgend, Briton Ferry, Neath, Pontypridd, and Port Talbot.  However, the County Council also received representations from Cardiff Corporation who were ‘anxious that these offices should be placed in the County Borough of Cardiff where the work of the County of Glamorgan has been carried on for many years’.  The Corporation was in the process of purchasing Cathays Park from the Marquess of Bute and offered to discuss providing a site for county offices within the Park.

The committee clearly favoured Pontypridd, where a site could be acquired from Lady Llanover’s trustees in what is now Ynysangharad Park.  However, this was resisted by a small majority of council members.  The whole matter then seems to have been consigned to the back-burner, arising just occasionally in council meetings but without being brought to a substantive conclusion.

In 1903, a fresh committee was appointed to consider the council’s accommodation needs.  The perceived suitability of Pontypridd again came to the fore when an attempt was made to restrict the committee’s consideration to sites in that town, but this was rejected.  Instead, it was resolved that the location of the county offices be deferred until the committee’s report had been received.

In the event, the committee recommended that the County Council should decide between the Llanover site in Pontypridd (if satisfactory terms could be obtained), and a one acre site in Cathays Park, which Cardiff Corporation was prepared to sell for £3,000.  The County Council considered the committee’s report on 25 April 1907 and resolved to proceed with the Cardiff site.  Not surprisingly, this displeased Pontypridd Urban District Council, who decided to arrange a conference of Glamorgan’s Urban and Rural District Councils and non-County Boroughs, for the purpose of protesting against the offices being erected outside the administrative county.  Clearly, though, that was to no avail.

A design competition attracted 190 entries and, in December 1908, it was announced that the winners were Vincent Harris and Thomas Anderson Moodie of London.  On 30 October 1909, the building contract was awarded to Turner & Sons of Cardiff.

The County Council held its first meeting in the new council chamber on 14 March 1912.  Members noted its defective acoustic properties.  They also drew attention to the absence of Welsh emblems in the building and requested that both matters be rectified.  His Majesty King George V was shortly due to visit Cardiff and the Council had hoped that he would open the building.  This, though, appears not to have been possible.  Instead, the minutes of the County Council meeting on 19 September 1912, briefly record that ‘The Chairman formally declared the Hall open and took the Chair’.

With further increases in local authority functions, more space was required and an extension, designed by Ivor Jones and Percy Thomas, was opened in 1932; this does not appear in Mary Traynor’s sketch.  Local government re-organisation in 1974 saw County Hall inherited by Mid Glamorgan County Council – continuing the anomalous location of a council’s headquarters outside its area of jurisdiction.  However, further re-structuring in 1996 left the building surplus to the new unitary authorities’ requirements.  County Hall was acquired by Cardiff University, and re-named the Glamorgan Building.

From 1939, County Hall housed the Glamorgan Record Office, which remained there – even after its acquisition by the University – until the new Glamorgan Archives building, at Leckwith, opened in 2010.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

  • Mary Traynor Collection (ref.: D1093/1/6)
  • Glamorgan County Council, minutes of council and committees (ref.: GC/CC/1/1-23)
  • Glamorgan County Council, files about consideration of sites for County Hall (ref.: GD/C/BU/3-4)
  • Pontypridd Urban District Council, minutes (ref.: UDPP/C/1/18)
  • Matthews, John Hobson (ed): Records of the County Borough of Cardiff, Vol V, p 236
  • The Jubilee of County Councils 1889-1939 – Glamorgan (ref.: Lib/R/25)
  • South Wales Daily News, 29 May 1896
  • Evening Express, 14 September, 16 October, & 17 December 1896
  • Weekly Mail, 6 March 1897
  • Evening Express, 18 Nov 1903
  • Evening Express, 19 June 1907
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glamorgan_Building

The Fishing Smack ‘Ann Hewett’

The papers of J J Neale, co-owner of the Cardiff fish merchants, Neale and West, include an extensive collection of maritime images that date from the late 19th century. Alongside photographs of the Neale and West fishing fleet there are also several photographs of vessels that had little connection with Neale and West or Cardiff. It would appear they were selected and added to the collection because, in each case, they were considered to be ‘something special’.

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Trawler LO77 under full sail (DX194/8/17)

On first inspection you might wonder why the photograph of a fishing smack was included in the collection given that, in the early 19th century, there were thousands of small fishing smacks based in ports around the coast of Britain. From the registration number on the sail, however, it is almost certain that the photograph is of the Ann Hewett. Built in Gravesend for the Hewett family, owners of the Short Blue fleet, at a cost of £1200, the Ann Hewett carried the LO77 registration mark for over 50 years.

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Loading catch from trawler deck to rowing boat (DX194/8/14)

Launched in November 1836 the Ann Hewett joined a fleet that by the mid-19th century was the biggest fishing fleet in the world. The Short Blue fleet was based at Barking, the home port for over a hundred fishing smacks in the 1830s. It is hard to believe now but, at that time, fishing smacks sailed up the Thames, almost into the heart of London, and unloaded their catch at Barking for sale at the Billingsgate fish market.

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Emptying the net (DX194/8/73)

The biggest problem facing the Short Blue fleet and its competitors was that, unless the fish were salted, boats had to return to Barking every few days so that the catch could be transported fresh to Billingsgate. The Ann Hewett was built to a design, probably developed by the Dutch in the 18th century, to address this problem. In many respects she resembled many other sailing smacks, being 60 foot in length, around 50 tons and with a crew of 8. However, she differed in one important aspect, in that she was built with a large well in the central section of the smack where fish could be kept alive until her return to port. Situated between the 2 masts and sealed from the rest of the boat by watertight compartments, the well was filled with sea water that entered through small holes drilled into the hull of the boat below the water line.

It was a design that, at the time, revolutionised deep sea fishing around the world. Known as ‘well smacks’, the new vessels were expensive to build and difficult to manoeuvre under sail. The costs, however, were more than offset, with the well allowing smacks to travel further out to sea and fish for several weeks before returning with fresh fish held in the well. Ironically, though, the Ann Hewett had to transfer her fish to hatch boats at Gravesend for transport to Billingsgate. Even in the first half of the 19th century, the Thames was polluted and allowing river water into the well would have ruined the fish.

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Displaying a large skate (DX194/8/77)

Yet, even before the advent of the steam trawler, in the second half of the 19th century, the competitive edge of the well smack was being eroded. The development of ‘fleet fishing’, with large numbers of fishing smacks serviced by a constant shuttle of smaller boats taking the catch ashore, meant that the well was of less value. In addition, the use of ice, pioneered by the Short Blue fleet in England, provided other means of keeping the catch fresh while at sea.

Initially ice was imported, at some cost, from Norway, and stored for up to a year in deep thick walled ice houses built at the ports. Soon, however, supplies were secured from local farmers along the east coast of Britain who realised that money was to be made from flooding their land in the winter months and selling the ice to the fish merchants.

The Ann Hewett was sold after around twenty years’ service but continued to work as a fishing smack until the late 1880s. Our photograph was probably taken when she was under new ownership for there is no sign of the small square flag – the ‘short blue’ – flown at the mast head by the Short Blue fleet.

There are no records of the Ann Hewett visiting south Wales, but there was one connection. In March 1872 she was involved in a collision in the North Sea with the large Norwegian barque, Septentrio. One of her crew was lost overboard but picked up by the Septentrio. In heavy seas it was impossible to return to the Ann Hewett, so there was little option but for him to remain on board the barque. It just so happened that the Septentrio was carrying timber from Norway to Cardiff. It must have been a strange experience for a fisherman from the east coast of England, spending two weeks with a Norwegian crew and then being offloaded at the East Bute Dock when the Septentrio arrived in Cardiff on 2 April 1872. Let’s hope that Cardiff gave him a warm welcome before he set off on the long journey back to the east coast and the Ann Hewett.

The photograph of the Ann Hewett is one of a collection held with the papers of J J Neale at Glamorgan Archives under reference DX194. It can be accessed on line at http://calmview.cardiff.gov.uk/.

Tony Peters, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

 

Fulton Dunlop Mahogany Room, St John Street, Cardiff

The ‘New Green Dragon’ was a public house located at the corner of Duke Street and St John Street, Cardiff.  Some sources suggest that it dated back to the early 18th century; it was certainly listed in an 1813 directory, when the proprietor was David Harris.  Its name distinguished it from the ‘Old Green Dragon’, also in Duke Street.

In 1859, the New Green Dragon was acquired by Fulton Dunlop & Company, who operated as wholesale and retail wine and spirit merchants, while still maintaining a public bar.  In February 1906, building approval was granted to the company’s proposals – drawn up by architect Edward Bruton – for major alterations to the premises.  Externally, Bruton’s building seems little changed, and is now occupied by a branch of Burger King.

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Inside, the ground floor housed a wholesale department at one end, accessed from Duke Street, while the retail bar had its entrance in St John Street.  Between the two, also in St John Street, was a separate entrance, giving onto a stairway leading to the first floor.  At this level, Bruton created a grand double-height dining room.  Reports suggest that the room was frequented by some of Cardiff’s more prominent citizens; business deals and even Council decisions are said to have been made there.

Fulton Dunlop continued to trade until the 1960s, when the ground floor became a Wales Gas Board showroom.  Later it housed the Techniquest hands-on science exhibition, before becoming a fast-food outlet.  Through all these changes, the Mahogany Room – one corner of which appears in Mary Traynor’s sketch – has survived.  Twenty-eight feet long and seventeen feet wide, the dining room is lined with mahogany panelling, lavishly decorated in medieval style, and features stained glass in its windows.  Grade II listed, it now forms part of Burger King’s office space.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

Fairwater House, Llandaff, Cardiff

Fairwater House stood towards the western end of Fairwater Road, Cardiff, roughly opposite the present-day Ski and Snowboard Centre.

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Designed by David Vaughan, it was erected in 1844 for Evan David, a significant landowner both in Glamorgan and elsewhere.  As originally built, the two storey house had two main living rooms, dining room and parlour, both on the south-facing side of the ground floor.  Upstairs were nine bedrooms of various sizes, and a ‘closet’.  No bathroom appears on the plan.  Outbuildings included a coach house and a stable with 4 stalls.

Evan David died in 1862 and his wife, Anne, in 1867.  Their son, Evan Williams David then moved into Fairwater House, which he is said to have enlarged and improved at considerable expense, though he was able to enjoy the house only for a relatively short period before his own death in 1872.

Evan Williams David had three children, including twins Evan Edgar and Jessie Anne, born in 1853.  Jessie married George Frederick Insole in 1878 and they lived in Fairwater House for some years.  However, the property subsequently passed to Evan Edgar’s son, Major Evan John Carne David, who served as High Sheriff of Glamorgan in 1930.  After the Second World War, Major David moved out and Fairwater House became a local authority hostel for aged men.  It closed in the 1980s and was later demolished.  The site is now occupied by a modern housing development.

David Webb, Glamorgan Archives Volunteer

Sources consulted:

  • Mary Traynor Collection (ref.: D1093/1/5)
  • David Vaughan, Architect of Bonvilston Papers, Llandaff Fairwater House: plan and elevation for Mr. E. David, 1844 (ref.: DV/31/1-3)
  • Family history of the David family of Fairwater (ref.: DDAV/1)
  • Various Cardiff Directories
  • Who’s Who in Wales 1933
  • Williams, George: A List of the Names and Residences of the High Sheriffs of the County of Glamorgan from 1541 to 1966
  • 1851 – 1891 Censuses
  • England & Wales National Probate Calendars 1863, 1868, 1872 & 1927
  • Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900