Glamorgan’s Blood: Health and Welfare Records in the Coal Industry Collections – Pneumoconiosis Registers

The current cataloguing and conservation of the National Coal Board and pre-vesting colliery company records held at Glamorgan Archives has been made possible by a Wellcome Trust Research Resources Grant. The Wellcome Trust is a global charitable foundation dedicated to improving health and as such one of the project’s main aims has been to improve access to records related to medical and welfare issues. In this series of blog posts project archivist, Louise Clarke, highlights some of the types of material that you are able to find on this topic within the coalfield collection.

Pneumoconiosis Registers

Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis was discovered in the late 1930s, and by the 1940s the Welsh valleys had the worst dust problem in the UK.

DNCB-14-1-42

‘Pneumoconiosis, The Deadly Dust’, Miners’ Gala, Sophia Gardens, Cardiff (DNCB/14/1/42)

Three pneumoconiosis registers within the collection, dating from 1945-1953, contain information on compensation received by individuals suffering from the lung condition. These registers show the compensation schemes that individual pre-vesting colliery companies, and then the NCB, operated for workers suffering from dust related lung conditions.

DNCB-3-5-3

Pneumoconiosis Register (DNCB/3/5/3)

DNCB-3-5-1 cropped - no names

Pneumoconiosis Register (DNCB/3/5/3)

Files within the NCB Legal Department records (ref.: DNCB/4/2) demonstrate scientific research undertaken by the NCB’s Area Chief Scientist in preparation for legal proceedings relating to pneumoconiosis claims in the 1970s.

The Monmouthshire and South Wales Coal Owners’ Association Records (ref.: DNCB/15/1) include 20 reports of the General Research Committee and The Coal Dust Research Committee dating from 1941-1946.

Please note that access to material less than 100 years old may be restricted.

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